The Path to Enlightenment: karma & jnana

Moksha is a Sanskrit word meaning “free, release, liberate“.  This word is related to the Sanskrit word mukti meaning “liberation”.The root word of both is muc meaning “to be free” * .

In his commentary on the Upanishads, 8th century CE philosopher and theologian Adi Shankara speaks of Moksha. Shankara tells us that the Upanishads, the Gita, and the scriptures establish a path to Moksha. Sankara says:

“The Upanishads exhaust themselves simply by determining the true nature of the Self, and the Gita and the scriptures dealing with moksha have only this end in view” [Intro to the Isa Upanishad].

The Upanishads ‘liberate’ the soul through the removal of spiritual ignorance. Shankara explains:

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The subjective truth of God

The world “God” can be thought of as a symbol or placeholder for a subjective truth which cannot be fully conceptualized or articulated through the limiting constraints of words.

How can the finite conceptualize the infinite? How can a mind that resides within the temporal conceptualize that which is eternal? And yet this is the challenge of a mind oriented toward God, to open the finite mind toward the infinite and the temporal toward the eternal.

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